Pruning a Pear - Checklist
Regular pruning is just as important to the pear as it is to other fruit trees. However, there is a lot to keep in mind.
The right time for pruning
The intersection of pome fruit trees is the basis for healthy tree growth and high yields. That's why it's all the more important to cut the pear at the right time.
- The timing depends on what the cut is intended for.
- Heavy winter cut from January to mid-March.
- Winter cut in the absence of vegetation provides stronger shoot growth.
- Summer cut between mid-July and mid-September improves yields and calms down.
- The summer cut is an addition to the winter cut and slows down growth.
Do not forget the pear cut
The plant cut often occurs in the pear Forgottenness, he is not unimportant. It serves to give the young tree the right shape, or to form the treetop. In addition, the root can thereby provide the tree with better nutrients.
- It is essential to plant the plant before planting.
- Leave three to four lateral shoots beside the middle drive. The center drive is the master extension from which the leader branches off.
- Remove all other branches.
- Shorten the idler by about 30 -50 percent.
- Tie down steep side branches down to a 30-45 percent incline
Educational Cut on Young Trees
In the first years after planting, it is important to continue the planting with the educational cut. The educational cut has the task to support the construction of Leitästen and fruit wood and thus the crown structure. Leitäste form together with the central drive the crown framework. Fruit shoots or fruit shoots are the shoots that bear flower buds and later the fruits.
- Educational cut from January to mid-March.
- Remove standing rival upright next to center hub.
- Shorten middrive one centimeter above a bud by one third.
- Also remove the next bud to prevent the formation of new rival gears.
- Central drive must be above the other branches.
- Shorten fins on an outward-facing bud, proportional to the center drive.
- Too upright
- Do not shorten the fruit wood.
Winter cut of older pear trees
The winter incision results in a particularly strong shoot growth and is therefore responsible for a uniform crown structure. By clearing the crown, more sunlight gets inside the crown, which in turn improves the quality of the fruit.
- Leave the flat shoots on leaders and cut away the upright ones.
- Remove upright rival gear next to the center gear.
- Cut into the inside of the crown and vertically growing branches.
- Cut back older and horizontal, diagonally downwards or upwards growing branches up to a younger side shoot.
- Under no circumstances cut away branches at the trunk extension.
- Ins Cut off the inside of the crown and perpendicularly growing shoots on the main branch.
- Remove the water shoots. Water shoots are unbranched shoots that grow steeply inside the crown.
- Fruit wood (horizontally shortened side shoots), on which the fruits grow, do not cut.
- Close incised cuts.
The supplementary summer cut
The Summer cut is leafy and inhibits growth the following year. As a result, it is particularly suitable for trees that grow particularly fast and results in higher yields.
- The summer cut was preceded by a winter cut at best. Especially useful in high-growing and abundant fruit trees.
- Shoots growing at a shallow angle.
- Shoot shoots firing too fast and steeply upwards.
- Cut out growing branches.
- Remove sick and dead branches.
Planting for raising the pear as a trellis
Here the planting cut as well as the subsequent education cut serves the structure of a trellis.
- Select two leaders as trellis branches.
- Slightly tie both panelists at a slight angle.
- Slightly pry trellis branches.
- Other branches
- Cut back the middle drive more strongly.
- Also cut back the middle drive for the next two years to strengthen the spinal branches.
- Establish a later balanced relationship between fruit shoots and guide vanes.
What to keep in mind with the pear tree cut
The Pruning the pear is relatively easy, provided one pays attention to the correct execution. Basically, you should know that a strong cut leads to strong growth. But also that shallow shoots grow less and bloom more, which is the other way round in steeply growing shoots.
- Perform pear tree cut once a year.
- Start cutting from the middle.
- Cut pear pyramidally.
- Fruit wood always
- Winter cutting should only be carried out on frost-free days.
- Summer pruning is especially recommended for tall trees.
- Always put the scissors directly on the wood and leave no stubs behind.
- Treat larger incisions with wound closure.
- Nur Use sharp and clean tools.
- Wound healing in summer cut is particularly good.
- If you are unsure, you can hire a specialist firm to cut the pear tree.
The right tool for clean cuts
When choosing tools It is important to pay attention to sufficiently sharp cutting tools. The disinfection before or after the cut also prevents the transmission of diseases.
- A so-called hip for cutting out thin twigs.
- A secateurs for thumb-thick twigs.
- Pruning shears for double-edging of thicker branches.
- Hacksaw for Remove thicker branches.
- Jigsaw for hard-to-reach places.
- Methylated spirits to disinfect tools.
- Wound sealant and putty to spread.
- Sisal or coconut rope to tie down and tie to trellis.
The right cut for a rich harvest
For a healthy growth of the pear and good yields, an annual tree pruning is essential in accordance with fundamental factors.
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