Cleaning a Garden Pond
A beautifully landscaped pond is an asset to any garden and creates a special atmosphere. To maintain the water quality, the pond needs continuous care.
This applies to both bathing and fish ponds. Humans and fish need clean, oxygen-rich water. However, dirt such as leaves, pollen and dust are constantly entering.
In the spring, a thorough cleaning of the pond is essential, as over winter a muddy layer of autumn foliage and dead plants forms on the ground. If it is too thick, it affects the microclimate in the pond: too many nutrients are created and, in return, oxygen is lacking. In addition, the growing mud layer takes their place from the fish.
While some pond owners swear by the complete exchange of water, others prefer the use of a pond sludge sucker. Both methods involve initially collecting large amounts of plant remains with a pincer and removing dead plants.
Water Replacement or Sludge Sucker
When water is exchanged, the water is almost completely drained off with a hose - it can be channeled into the sewage system that a certain amount of residue remains in a puddle for the fish. Or you catch them and put them in a bucket of pond water during the cleaning process. It must not be pure tap water, so that the fish will retain its microclimate. The pond floor is now cleaned of mud and debris, the mud is a good garden fertilizer.
If you use a mud sucker, the fish remain in the water, but you must be careful that they are not sucked. The nipple shortens the cleaning time and the work effort considerably, depending on the pond size it takes half an hour to one hour. Thereafter, the biological balance of the water is restored.
Regularity as an A & O
Over the year, drifting plant debris and dirt are regularly collected on the water surface. Here you can use a surface aspirator. Plants need to be monitored for pests and wilting parts should be cut off. The occasional use of chemical water treatment works against excessive nutrient formation and regulates the PH value. Outside the frost period, it is recommended to use pond filters and pumps that regulate the oxygen content and keep the water moving. UV lamps and UV clarifiers fight too high an algae and bacteria content in the water, especially with small ponds that receive a lot of sunlight. In the fall, a further mud cleansing should be carried out, and during the leaf fall, a leaf net protects against too many leaves in the water. If you follow these suggestions, the pond can now be well maintained and cleanly go into hibernation.
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