The best insulating materials in comparison
Modern houses need good thermal insulation. The best insulation material can best be compared in a comparison.
Wood wool - use with low requirements
Wood wool is used in the form of cement or magnesite-bonded lightweight building boards for wall insulation. However, due to the comparatively high thermal conductivity and the associated heat loss, the wood wool has only a minor importance in the insulation of buildings.
Coconut insulation mats with rarity value
The fibers of the coconut can be processed into soft insulation boards. These can then be used, for example, for intermediate rafter insulation. However, coconut fiber mats are rarely installed, unlike the other insulation materials.
Cork - popular in the field of floor insulation
Cork meal is first extracted from the bark of the cork oak, which can then be processed into a high-performance insulation material. The cork slabs pressed from cork pellets are basically a renewable raw material. However, for the production of synthetic resins are used, which may possibly give off formaldehyde.
Hemp - renewable raw material with potential
Hemp fiber boards have become increasingly important in the field of building insulation in recent years and convince by their low thermal conductivity and the relatively low price. The mats themselves consist of about 85 percent hemp and about 15 percent polyester fiber.
Wood fiber - well suited for roof insulation
Wood fibers can be processed into insulation boards with the help of adhesives or felting, which are particularly suitable for roof insulation or floor insulation suitable. With regard to the thermal conductivity, the wood fiber board does not need to shy away from comparison with the other materials, but the price is much higher than that of the artificially produced insulation materials.
Foam glass insulation material with high compressive strength
If the thermal insulation has to withstand strong pressure forces, foam glass is the first choice. The foamed with carbon gas glass has an extremely high pressure resistance and can therefore be used for insulation of the basement outer walls or the bottom plate. A serious disadvantage of foamed glass, however, is the enormously high price.
Cellulose - ideal for buffer storage
Cellulose, an insulation made of shredded paper, must be blown in and is therefore particularly suitable for cavities, such as the roof rafter insulation. Due to the low price and the low thermal conductivity, the material is treated with mineral salts for reasons of fire protection and is a good alternative to the established insulating materials.
Polystyrene - standard for facade insulation
The polystyrene made of petroleum is easy to process, has a low thermal conductivity and is low in price. For these reasons, polystyrene has become the standard insulation material for roof and facade insulation in recent years. In the case of the material, a distinction must generally be made between expanded polystyrene (soft) and extruded polystyrene (hard).
Mineral fiber - the comparatively favorable insulating material
In the form of glass or rock wool, mineral fibers are suitable as insulating material for buildings. The soft mats are easy to work with and can be used universally for wall and roof insulation. The cost of this durable and fire-retardant material is also very low.
Calcium silicate - the star among insulating materials
As an outstanding insulating material calcium silicate can be called. The rigid plates do not require a vapor barrier and have good biological properties. Mold growth is prevented by the high pH. Compared to other insulating materials, however, the thermal conductivity is slightly higher. In addition, calcium silicate boards have a very high price. However, due to the ease of processing, the costs are somewhat relative.
Choosing the Right Insulation
There are many different types of insulation available on the market. Compare worthwhile in this case, so you can find the right insulation for your own four walls. Architects, specialist planners and energy consultants know the individual advantages and disadvantages very well and help with the choice of material for facade insulation or roof insulation.
Insulating the roof: what does it cost?
We answer these further questions in our price radar on the subject Roof insulation
Installing cork flooring: what does it cost?
We answer these and many other questions in our price radar on the subject of cork flooring.