Maple Tree - Care and Location
Taking care of the maple tree is easy as it is unpretentious and does not require cutting. The maple tree is very popular as a shade donor.
Choose the suitable maple tree
The tree is represented worldwide with over 150 species. They do not differ in terms of care and location requirements, just in size and growth speed. The native species grow much faster than the Asian varieties. If you are looking for a small tree, you should look for a Japanese maple. The trees reach a height of four meters. A native Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) can reach 15 meters in just a few years. Other native varieties reach more than 20 meters.
For hedges, fast-growing maple species are suitable. However, they need a cut twice a year to stay in shape.
Requirements and Care
Plants need a sunny to half shady spot in nutrient rich, light soil that stores good water. The soil should be slightly acidic or slightly alkaline. In addition, the tree loves a sheltered spot.
All maple species are not sensitive if the location is not optimal. Only waterlogging tolerate the trees. If the soil is very dry, most species are stunted. The maple is also coping with it.
The maple has a heart root that sucks water from deeper layers. It can not reach deep groundwater and can cope with short periods of drought. In a hot summer without rain, it is necessary to pour close to the trunk in the evening. Caution: Drops of water on the leaves lead to burnt areas on the leaves. In spring, the administration of a depot fertilizer is helpful, but not necessary.
A cut to preserve the shape is superfluous in the maple tree. Cutting is problematic because verticilium fungi can invade the wounds. In autumn and winter, the tree is particularly endangered, so only spring and autumn are suitable for cutting.
The maple is the most important host plant for the mentioned Polz. He triggers a disease called wilting. Inside the wood, the fungus grows and clogs the passages where water and nutrients flow.
When branches wither off in the spring, although the tree has enough water, the fungus inside is dying. Spraying is of no use, as the pathogen sits deep in the wood.
There is only one means of cutting off parts. The cut must go through the healthy green wood. Important: Dispose of the clippings immediately in the household waste and disinfect the scissors by flaring while working.
The fungus is contagious and survives in the soil. In a strong infestation, the tree can not be saved. Unfortunately, then no new maple tree in the garden. Walnut, willow, oak or pear can be considered as substitute plants. These woody plants are immune to the fungus.
Unless the tree is spared by the Verticilium fungus, it is robust and extremely easy to care for.