Garden and Ornamental Walls: Natural Stone or Concrete Protection and Structure
Walls have many uses. In addition to the demarcation of land, there are pure ornamental walls and surface systems for structuring.
Different types of masonry and construction methods at a glance
In the drywall, the natural stones lie above and next to each other without a fixing agent and form the masonry. The flexibility for changes and a high ecological value are advantageous. Visually, this type of building looks natural and can be easily integrated into different gardens. This variant is especially beautiful when plants grow between the natural stones.
Sub-species are modern natural stone walls such as the stone-wall. In the variant called gabions, the natural stones are stacked in a metal basket. It is important that the individual stones are larger than the gaps in the basket, so as not to fall out. This modern type can be set up and dismantled quickly compared to other types of walls.
The false natural stone wall resembles the traditional dry construction method. The difference is that the individual stones stick together with mortar. In this construction, no joints are visible. Walls with visible joints have the advantage that, due to the applied mortar layer, minor unevenness in the height of the stone can be compensated.
In addition to the different construction methods, there are various possibilities for the material. A decisive criterion for the selection is the later optics. The most popular materials include natural stones such as sandstone and slate.
Garden Walls and Their Versatile Applications
Free-standing walls usually serve as a boundary to the property and boundary. Within a garden, they are suitable for subdividing and structuring an area. Used as a retaining wall, they confine stairs and terraces.
Ornamental walls have less of a practical than a decorative purpose. They set a visual highlight in the garden. Whether it's a Mediterranean look made from rubble or a modern gabion version - there are plenty of options in terms of design.
Natural stone walls have a variety of uses. They serve as privacy screens, donate shade to a bench or borders off a portion of the garden. In a garden slope, the walls are suitable for creating a plant terrace and prevent slipping of the soil and flowers on the hillside.
Low-walled walls are ideal for limiting plant beds in the garden. They bring a structure into the garden and separate the different areas from each other. For the construction of a raised bed, there are complete systems made of concrete or natural stone.
Regardless of the purpose, the planned height is when building a new garden wall. From two meters, a static calculation is necessary. Likewise, the local building regulations and the regulations of the corresponding state building regulations must be complied with.
Costs for a new wall
Depending on the type and length of the wall, the costs vary. A natural wall of self-collected stones is priced cheaper than a clinker plastered ornamental wall. The purchase of stones directly on the quarry is usually cheaper than in the specialized trade. Another cost factor is the specialist staff. The more work done independently, the lower the final price.
The prices for the different stones are given per tonne. Sandstone and slate stones are on average at 100 euros per ton. Higher quality and harder stone types such as granite are to be calculated at around 150 euros per ton.
The price example is an eight-meter-long and 1.20-meter-high sandstone wall built by a specialist: the excavation of the foundations and the masonry work cost around 1,400 euros. The same costs are incurred again for the material. Thus, a total price of about 2,800 euros for the erection of the wall.
Whether ornamental wall or garden wall - the right model for every purpose
No matter for what purpose a new wall is built, there are plenty of opportunities for the most diverse applications. These range from the ready-made system solution to the individually designed version.
It is important to have a thorough preliminary consideration of which type of wall fits best. Then a long-lasting joy in the new design element in the garden is secured.
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