Autumn flower care
For gardeners, the second flower care begins in autumn. Beets, lawns and shrubs must also be carefully prepared for winter.
Gardening in Autumn
As autumn begins, the gardening season comes to an end. Now there is a lot to do to prepare the garden for the winter. By cultivating flowers in this season, garden owners are laying the foundation for the coming year. In addition, the autumn days are the right time for the fruit and pumpkin harvest. Berries such as sea buckthorn, autumn raspberries, elderberry and rosehips are also available for picking. Vegetable lovers sow new corn salad as well as radish and reap the last herbs.
After the fall of fall, autumn is the best time to replant shrubs and small trees. Often it turns out later that the siting was wrong. However, it should be noted that the plants should not be at their location for more than five years. The longer trees are rooted, the longer their fine roots are removed from the trunks.
The excavated root system often has only main and secondary roots, with which it can not absorb moisture. When transplanting, it is important to dig up the plant as generously as possible in order to take all the important fine roots with you. If the shoots are cut after planting, the root ball can provide the plant with better nutrients.
The gardener can also make new plantings of berry bushes and fruit trees with a clear conscience. For example, for roses, perennials, shrubs, flowering shrubs and flower bulbs is the ideal planting time before the first frost. If you want to have tulips and daffodils early next spring, set them twice as deep in the soil as the flower bulbs are.
Perennials and rose bushes are well-watered with compost - preferably bare root - in a sufficiently large planting hole. Due to the summer and autumn sun, the ground is still warm and rains provide the earth with enough moisture. So the plants have time to form roots until spring and get used to the place.
Flower care before winter
Perennial flowering shrubs like gentian, anemone, lilies and larkspur are to be cut down to the ground. When the respective perennial needs a cut, can be seen on their stems. When they turn yellow and start to decline, it is time to devote their time to flower care. Since the plant juices are now retracting into the roots, they can rot without a cut.
Before the first frost begonia, gladioli and dahlias must be digged out so that they do not freeze. Dahlia tubers remain to dry for three days and then the styles are cut to ten inches. On the other hand tuber begonias need about four weeks to dry off. Trapped in dry peat, sawdust or newsprint, the tubers overwinter in a dark but frost-free basement room. Gladioli should be bundled and kept cool.
In the case of delicate rose bushes, hobby gardeners can enjoy cutting until they announce their first night frosts. A courageous cut reduces the risk of fungal infection enormously. Thereafter, the topsoil is to accumulate all the way to the finishing stations. The crowns of Hochstammrosen get a coat of burlap, fleece or jute.
Even potted plants come in the fall to winter quarters. Before submitting, check again whether they are free from pests and healthy. Potted plants, which overwinter without foliage like the almond-flower, are to be cut back strongly. Olive and citrus trees are robust despite their Mediterranean origin. With them it is enough to wrap them warm with fleece, as long as the temperatures do not go into double-digit minus degrees.
Shrubs, hedges and trees cut
So that shrubs form denser leaves in the spring and expel them diligently, it is advisable to cut them down considerably. The average size is about one quarter of its size. Some three-meter-high, fast-growing shrubs can be cut even at knee height, others caution. Weigelia, Deutzian, rhododendron, forsythia and farm hydrangeas, develop new flower buds in autumn - whoever cuts them will cut off future flowers.
When pruning trees, remove all dead branches and damaged areas. In order to stimulate a dense compact growth, then a generous shortening of the branch ends is advisable. If strains of fruit trees are provided with glue rings, pests such as blood lice and frostbite keep away. In order to protect the bark from frost cracks, the gardener can provide the tree trunks with a winter fleece or lime paint.
Even hedges need care and require an autumn cut. However, when hedge cutting, make sure that no holes are formed in winter-green groves. These do not grow during the winter months and initially look bare in spring. In addition, the foliage, which is below and on the hedge, clear away, otherwise it can rot.
Now the tree leaves, all the shrub sections are raked together and the lawn is mowed for the last time. The following scarifying - first in the longitudinal direction, then across - frees the green area of moss and root fungus. Afterwards a potash fertilizer makes the green more resistant to the winter cold.
The last work before hibernation
Depending on the variety, grasses are the best at standstill, they are an attractive eye-catcher in the otherwise drab winter garden. To keep the ornamental grasses from breaking under the snow load, bonding is helpful.
And what happens to the autumn foliage and brushwood? Vegetable and perennial beds are grateful for a layer of fallen leaves. Some brushwood prevents autumn storms from tearing apart the crop protection. Even under hedges and shrubs, deciduous layers provide good frost protection. In addition, foliage improves soil quality and much of it is fertile humus until spring.
Lawn mowers and garden tools overwinter
A well-tended garden is not rocket science if the owner adheres to the key principles:
- New Fruit Trees and Plant or transplant shrubs.
- Protect bushes, trees, hedges and all perennial beds and cover them with leaves and brushwood.
- Protect stem roses and other frost-sensitive high stems with hoods.
- Depending on the plant species, bring potted plants into the house or wrap them in fleece ,
- Dig the tubers and keep cool and plant new flower bulbs.
- Mow the lawn, scarify and apply suitable fertilizer to the leaves and beds.
- Plant radish, garlic, lettuce and hardy cabbage in the vegetable garden.
- Harvest the herb garden and cut the remaining herbs.
- Cover or store garden furniture and oil high-quality wooden furniture.
- Place all water pipes leading into the garden so that the pipes do not burst.
- Drain water from fountains and rain barrels to prevent frost damage.
Before gardening is over, the garden owner can let off steam and flower once again. Then garden tools and mowers are stored frost-free in the tool shed. Here they are then cleaned and oiled waiting for the next use. In spring, a healthy and well-prepared garden welcomes you to the most heartfelt!