Fertilizing and growing balcony vegetables - this is how care is taken
If you do not have a garden, you do not have to do without fresh vegetables. Balcony vegetables are easy to grow - proper fertilization supports growth.
Balcony grow - the basics
On the balcony, all the plants that do not require too much space thrive. If you would like to pull your balcony vegetables, you should pay attention to the following points:
- Choose small vegetables with large fruits for cultivation.
- Suitable vegetables for the balcony: tomatoes, herbs, peppers, aubergines, climbing beans, salads, kohlrabi, radishes, cucumbers , Courgettes.
- Prefer plants or buy young plants at the nursery or the specialized trade.
- Sufficiently large pots to plant.
- Pay attention to stability - Use large-volume vessels;
- Suitable planters: boxes, plastic buckets, baskets, tubs, terracotta and clay pots, wooden vessels.
- Substrate: Use potting soil or potting soil.
- Keep the soil permeable by lava or expanded clay.
- Select warm, calm and weather-protected locations.
- Do not place cold-sensitive plants such as cucumber and zucchini on the balcony until after late frosts; Slowly get accustomed to direct sunlight.
Fertilize the plants
Balcony vegetables have relatively little substrate available and therefore depend on regular fertilizer application. When fertilising, care must be taken:
- Make basic fertilization of the substrate with commercially available long-term fertilizers.
- From June: administer suitable liquid fertilizer once or twice a week.
- Add the liquid nutrients to the irrigation water and water the plants.
- Alternatively, use rod-shaped fertilizer.
- Feed starvation crops such as tomatoes, peppers and cucurbits with nitrogen-containing compounds, such as horn shavings or meal.
- Despite optimal fertilization, change the soil once a year to prevent depleted substrate and poor growth .
Due to the small amount of substrate, careful irrigation is essential for balcony plants. Further care tips help to keep the plants healthy:
- Irrigate plants regularly.
- Add additional water in case of heat.
- Avoid waterlogging, empty the coasters regularly if necessary.
- The balcony vegetables in case of excessive sunlight additionally with a parasol or protect an awning.
- Applying an additional layer of mulch is not recommended, as it prevents the soil from aeration.
- Check the balcony vegetables regularly for pests and diseases; If necessary, take countermeasures.
- Tie up the plant shoots if necessary: use cords, climbing aids, spiral rods, bamboo sticks or wooden sticks.
Balcony vegetables - fresh enrichment for every balcony
Vegetables from your own balcony are 100% "organic" and fresh. Fruits such as strawberries and raspberries complete the balcony garden.