Dispose of LEDs, Energy-Saving Lamps & Co. Correctly
If old light bulbs have become obsolete, they can simply be disposed of with household waste. But what about modern energy-saving lamps and LEDs? Can they also go into the barrel?
Luminaire life is limited
Unfortunately, the lifetime of light bulbs, like many other useful household aids, is too finite. While classic light bulbs give up the spirit on average after only 1,000 operating hours, halogen bulbs reach a burn time of up to 4,000 hours. Considerably better are conventional energy-saving lamps with ten to twenty times the endurance of a light bulb and LED lights that theoretically can last up to 50,000 or even 100,000 hours.
Can all bulbs be disposed of with household waste?
So if the bulbs ever In the truest sense of the word the light goes out, inevitably raises the question of disposal. Many consumers are thinking of household waste here. This view is not only fundamentally wrong, but also extremely negligent. Who likes to dump toxic heavy metals such as mercury into the dustbin, especially when small children are around?
What's in the bin?
The disposal of light bulbs is regulated by law in, among other things, the European Directive on the Take-Back of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE). Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment) and in the "Law on the placing on the market, take back and the environmentally sound disposal of electrical and electronic equipment (ElektroG).
Therefore, both the classic light bulbs and halogen lamps contain no environmentally relevant substances and can over the house - or residual waste to be thrown away. Important: Halogen and incandescent lamps have lost nothing in the glass container as the quality of the glass differs from that of bottle glass.
Separate Disposal for Energy Saving Lamps and LEDs
The situation is different with a commercially available energy saving lamp. These are usually compact fluorescent lamps that contain small amounts of mercury and have to be disposed of separately since 2006.
The same is true for the fashion LED lamps. Although they contain no harmful mercury, but electronic components and LED chips and therefore also fall under the provisions of the ElektroG. Like the energy-saving lamps, they are also labeled with a crossed-out wheelie bin for the consumer.
Delivery of broken lamps is possible in many places
So what if energy-saving or LED lamps fail their service? Meanwhile, there is a wide network of public and private collection points where broken bulbs can be dispensed and recycled. These include municipal recycling and recycling centers as well as more and more points of sale in the wholesale and retail trade.
In addition to energy-saving and LED lamps, professional disposal is also mandatory for other types. These include:
- Fluorescent lamps
- Metal halide lamps
- Sodium vapor lamps
- Mercury vapor and other high-pressure discharge lamps
- Induction lamps
Thanks to the professional recycling of lamps, it is now possible to dispose of the residual waste by up to to reduce 95% (!). The way to the collection point is worth twice from an environmental point of view. In addition to the correct disposal of hazardous substances such as mercury and sodium, recycling saves valuable raw materials for the production of new electrical products and components.