Cultivation conditions for the onion checklist
Onions are easy to grow in your own garden, provided that the growing conditions such as permeable soil, sun and wind are correct.
Cultivation conditions for a good harvest
All onions are prone to attack by onion blight, tripse and leaf miner. Protection against mice is unnecessary, on the contrary: onions drive the small rodents out of the garden. Some special breeds are resistant to mildew. In the private sector it is not worth planting these varieties. Here decides the taste, whether kitchen onions, shallots or small, particularly sharp onions in the garden should. For the growing conditions to be correct, the location should be:
- For the past five years, neither onions nor leeks have grown on the bed.
- The bed should be in the sun.
- A windy spot protects against downy mildew and onion blight.
- A light sandy and well drained soil prevents rot.
- It may only be fertilized with mature compost or artificial fertilizer. (Fresh compost promotes infestation by the miner fly.)
The easiest way is to set onion in March or April, or winter varieties in August. The insertion takes place in rows with a distance of 20 centimeters. Between the onions, a distance of five to ten centimeters is necessary, the setting depth is ten centimeters. Direct sowing in the garden does not make sense. It is better to pull onion from the seeds in a cold frame or in the greenhouse.
- The bed is to dig a spade deep in order to loosen the soil.
- Smooth the surface with a rake.
- Rows with one Mark string.
- Poke onions.
- Cover with a net to keep miners away.
- In the next few days, remove the net daily to loosen soil with a cultivator.
- Weed weeds, there other plants quickly overgrow onions.
- Replace net after weeding.
- Water gently as needed. Onions do not need a lot of water, but tend to rot in wet conditions.
- After one month fertilize with compost or artificial fertilizer.
- When necessary, weed and loosen soil.
What to look for in the harvest
The Harvest time depends on the variety. The ripeness of the onions can be recognized by the foliage. When one-third of them have died or collapsed, onions do not grow any further. In early onions this happens in June, in late varieties in August. If the growing conditions are right, the harvest is plentiful. The safer the blooming is prevented, the larger the onions
- regularly remove buds.
- If the foliage begins to wither, stop watering.
- Break the leaves of bulbs, but do not remove.
- Extract the bulbs from the soil on a sunny day with the soil dry.
- Leave the bulbs to dry on the bed with the leaves for ten days.
- Remove the foliage and store the onions in a dry airy room.
- Turn over in the beginning daily.
Seed them yourself
In order to grow seeds from onions, a strong fertilizer is necessary. These onions are unsuitable as onions.
- Put onion sets in heavily fertilized soil in March.
- Water the plants carefully.
- Sprinkle with mature compost every four weeks.
- Wait for the onions to blossom, do not bend leaves.
- Continue to fertilize and water sparingly.
- Store seeds in a cool and dry place after the fruit has dried.
Onions are easy in the right location
A well drained soil and a windy location are the most important growing conditions for all onions , You need a little care overall.