Building and Housing 2015: That's Changing
New laws are coming into force. Support measures are being implemented and stricter environmental guidelines are being implemented.
The most-discussed change of the year concerns brokerage commissions. Gone is the annoyance to tenants that in cities with tight housing markets they usually had to pay two, three months' rent for the broker. In the future, the client pays the broker, and that is usually the landlord. For him, the disadvantage is that the tenant search is more expensive. When buying or selling a property but everything remains the same. The new law will become valid in the first half of 2015.
Brokerage commissions and rental price brakes
For spring, the government is also planning a new rental price brake in regions with scarce and expensive housing. When tenants change the landlord may demand a maximum of ten percent more compared to the local comparative rent. Which regions these are, should determine the federal states. However, the regulation does not apply to the first move in new buildings or after extensive renovation. However, the grand coalition is also planning a small change here: Modernization costs should only be reduced to ten instead of the previous eleven percent. And limited in time until the costs have been amortized.
KfW grants for barrier-free renovations
There is good news for those who want to renovate their house or apartment in a way that is age-appropriate and accessible. The KfW banking group has recently subsidized each residential unit with up to 5,000 euros. In addition, reorganizers benefit from additional loans with favorable interest rates. KfW funding applies to one- and two-family houses as well as condominiums. But not only owners, but also tenants can apply for these grants.
The old heating system
needs to be renovated by anyone who owns a gas or oil heater that is 30 years or older in their home. On further operation even fines threaten. From September 2015, the boilers, combi boiler and water heater must also be marked with the EU energy label. In addition, wood-burning stoves built before 1975 have to be screened out or fitted with particulate filters. But there are also exceptions - for example, for open fireplaces or boilers with particularly high efficiency.
Energy efficiency classes for houses
stricter limit values apply from the New Year not only for heating systems: the houses themselves are divided into energy efficiency classes A + H. Already in the announcement for sale or for renting the class must be indicated and presented with each inspection unrequested the energy performance certificate. The government wants to achieve its 2020 climate goals with significantly reduced emissions. Therefore, the requirements for energy efficiency will increase year after year after 2015.